So to entertain you guys for a couple days, I thought I'd share with you a fantastic and wonderful youtube series by Michael Xoroaster on the Bible and other religious things. I was pigging out on his videos over the weekend as if it were the Netflix House of Cards, pure fresh popcorn. Xoroaster makes a very compelling case for the use of astrology
in Revelation, specifically to the eclipses of 59 CE and 71 CE, and how they relate to the content of chapters 6 and 12 . Inside this preview video you can clink on his links to view each chapter he evaluates the astrological signs; the links show up at 24 seconds in and last until 36 seconds.
This is a completely different approach than mine, which is building up from internal textual evidence, but also compared to historical events. But the date ranges he comes up with are so remarkably close to what the text tells me, that its striking, given we use hardly a stitch of similar evidence. For example I find Romans, and thus all of Marcionite Paul to have been written for certain after Hadrian bans circumcision in 127 CE (Romans 2:25ff), and for other reasons even post-Bar Kochba. Others are even later as Laodicean, 1 &2 Corinthians, and Galatians were written after Romans based on content dependencies. The redactor, due to structural changes he writes about in the church organization that indicate a much larger and more mature church, which certainly took far longer than even a single generation to come into place. Thus my current range for Marcion's Paul is 135-150 CE, adding 30-40 years for the redactor, so 165-190 CE. Xoroaster in his dating was surprisingly close without using any of the same method for analysis. His gospel order is also similar, but I think he is way off on John, though otherwise close to the mark with mechanical evidence.
His entire series on Revelation is brilliant. He starts with a solid identification of the beast as Rome and its seven heads as the seven hills of Rome (17:9 Ὧδε ὁ νοῦς ὁ ἔχων σοφίαν. αἱ ἑπτὰ κεφαλαὶ ἑπτὰ ὄρη εἰσίν, ὅπου ἡ γυνὴ κάθηται ἐπ' αὐτῶν.) and the first six Emperors, and even who the mysterious 8th Emperor is (oh I want to spoil it but I wont).
[I picked the map for Rome below because it shows the terminus of processions at Capitoline Hill]
I hope you guys enjoy this interlude. I will be working hard to get Galatians out this weekend. My commentary will be much briefer, as I will accept Dr. Detering's work almost verbatim, so will limit to justifying my adjustments.